First, become aware of wild bird rehabilitation centers in your state. A good link to help find one is Wildlife Rehabilitators. Another is The Wildlife Rehabilitation Information Directory. Both list rehabbers (rehabilitators) all over the world. There are other sites that do the same. Pick whatever you like as long as it list ones in your state. Find the ones listed in your state and then determine which one is closest to you. This will be one contact for you to call if you find a bird in need.
Also, look up the phone number for your local U.S. Fish and Wildlife office. Depending on their budget, sometimes they have the staff to respond to an injured bird report. Also, check out your states Department of Fish & Game. That agency might be called by another name in your state, like game warden.
Let's take it for granted that no one can respond to help you out. More than likely that will be the case. For this post lets say you found an injured or sick great horned owl. You don't know what's wrong. It won't fly and pretty much stays in one area.
- Find a friend or neighbor to help you. If the bird can run or partially fly, you'll need help to trap it. It would be best if you could find someone with experience.
- Find something to put the bird in once you capture it. Dog kennels work great. If you don't have one, use a large strong box. The box should be well ventilated (cut plenty of air holes) and just large enough to allow the bird some movement, but not so large as to allow the bird to thrash around inside.
- You will need a thick bath towel, blanket, heavy jacket or any other lightweight material that is large enough to cover the entire bird. Thick gloves would be nice if available.
- Approach the bird from the rear. If the bird is alert and can follow your movements, anticipate that it will struggle when first covered. The bird will be stressed. It's unaware that you are trying to help. Try to keep the recovery time to a minimum.
- Carefully place the jacket, towel or blanket over the bird. Make sure it is covered completely. Take a mental note as to were the beak is and where the talons are.
- Quickly restrain the bird under the covering. Again, be careful of the beak and talons.
- As the bird calms down, gather the covering together, being careful to get the bird's wings gently folded against the body, and place it into the cardboard box and close the lid fast.
- Transport to clinic ASAP! Do not feed. Do not give water. Let the clinic diagnose what's wrong first.
- Do not try to caretake the bird yourself. More damage can be done by the bird not recieving proper care immediately.
- Under Federal and State law it is ILLEGAL for anyone to injure or possess a bird of prey.
- Only a person fully licensed by both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and their states Department of Fish & Game may rehabilitate injured raptors.
- A raptor's feet and talons are its means of defense so BE CAREFUL! !
- An injured raptor requires immediate specialized care. Any delay very much reduces the bird's chance for recovery.
- Most veterinarians have neither special facilities nor the practical experience to properly handle an injured raptor.
- Feeding an injured raptor severely decreases its chance for survival, so please DO NOT FEED !
- It is possible to aspirate a bird by forcing it to drink. You may offer it water, but do NOT force it to drink.
Please be aware of the following:
Not everyone can do this, but a lot of people can. My wife Ruth can do it. She'll scream at the sight of a spider or bee, but she'll tackel an eagle without hesitation. That's one I can't figure out.
NOTE: Extreme care must be used when the bird is transported in this manner. If the day is warm or the covering is made of a tightly woven material, the bird can rapidly overheat. The bird should be transferred to a more suitable enclosure at the first opportunity.
More information can be found at The Birds of Prey Foundation.
To be continued...........